BabelStone


The Lost Game of Liubo Part 4 : Game Boards and Equipment

2011-01-01

[Mirrored from http://babelstone.blogspot.com/2011/01/lost-game-of-liubo-part-4-game-boards.html]




6. Liubo Boards and Game Equipment

A large number of Liubo boards and associated game equipment have been found as grave goods in Warring States period (476–221 BCE), Qin dynasty (221–207 BCE) and Han dynasty (206 BCE – 220 CE) tombs from all across China, from Beijing in the north to Guangzhou in the south, from Gansu in the west to Jiangsu in the east. Although far from every tomb from this period contains a Liubo board, Liubo equipment does seem to have been one of the standard items that was regularly included amongst the grave goods, and exquisite quality lacquered Liubo sets are especially common from the tombs of nobility from the Western Han period (206 BCE – 25 CE).


Map showing the distribution of Liubo boards and game equipment


The vast majority of Liubo boards are made from lacquered wood, frequently with the board design marked out with inlaid materials such as ivory, bone, horn or silver, but Liubo boards made from stone and bronze are also known. Due to the ease of decomposition of wood, in some cases the wooden Liubo board in a tomb has entirely decomposed away, but the associated game pieces, often made of more durable material such as jade or crystal, have survived as evidence that there was originally a Liubo set in the tomb.

Several tombs include an inventory of grave goods, and this helps identify the typical contents of a Liubo set, and what each component of the set was known as. On the basis of these inventories and the actual Liubo equipment found in tombs we can summarise what a Liubo set comprised :


Typical design of a Liubo board



6.1 Wooden Liubo board and game equipment from Anhui

安徽天長縣三角圩19號墓出土六博具一套

Source : Wenwu 文物 1993.9 page 24 fig. 52


Provenance : Tomb M19 at Sanjiaoxu, Tianchang, Anhui. {32.851°N 119.041°E}

Current Location : Unknown.

Date : Mid to late Western Han (206 BCE – 25 CE)

Description :

References : 《安徽天長縣三角圩戰國西漢墓出土文物》 (《文物》1993.9).



6.2 Ivory Liubo game pieces from Beijing

北京大葆台二號墓出土象牙棋子8枚

Source : Beijing Daobaotai Hanmu 北京大葆台漢墓 (Wenwu Chubanshe, 1989) plate LVII no.1 (#183 through #188)


Source : Beijing Daobaotai Hanmu 北京大葆台漢墓 (Wenwu Chubanshe, 1989) page 53 fig. 56 (#184 and #190)


Provenance : Tomb M1 at Dabaotai, Beijing. {39.805°N 116.296°E}

Current Location : Unknown.

Date : Mid to late Western Han (206 BCE – 25 CE)

Description : Eight cuboidal ivory game pieces (3.1 × 1.5 × 1.2 cm.), four engraved with pictures of dragons on each face, and four engraved with pictures of tigers on each face.

References : 《北京大葆台漢墓》 (文物出版社, 1989年).



6.3 Wooden Liubo board from Gansu

甘肅天水放馬灘14號墓出土六博紋木板一件

Source : Wenwu 文物 1989.2 plate 2 no.2


Source : Wenwu 文物 1989.2 page 9 fig. 22


Provenance : Tomb M14 at Fangmatan, Tianshui, Gansu {34.412°N 106.106°E}

Current Location : Unknown.

Date : Late Warring States period (476–221 BCE) [State of Qin]

Description : Wooden board (12.7 × 5.8 × 0.3 cm.) with a painting of a tiger tied to a tree on one side, and a Liubo game pattern on the other side.

References : 《甘肅天水放馬灘戰國秦漢墓群的發掘》 (《文物》1989.2).



6.4 Wooden Liubo board from Guangdong

廣東廣州龍生崗4013號墓出土六博盤一件

Source : Guangzhou Hanmu (Wenwu Chubanshe, 1981) plate CXVI no.3


Provenance : Tomb M4013 at Longsheng Gang, Guangzhou, Guangdong. {23.137°N 113.295°E}

Current Location : Unknown.

Date : Early Eastern Han (25–220)

Description : Fragment of a lacquered wooden Liubo board.

References : 《廣州漢墓》 (文物出版社, 1981年).



6.5 Four Liubo sets from Guangdong

廣東廣州象崗山南越王墓出土六博具四套

Reconstructed Liubo board from the tomb of the King of Nanyue

CC-BY-SA-3.0 by Andrew West


Four pieces of swirling cloud gold inlay from the sides of a decayed Liubo board (B33)

CC-BY-SA-3.0 by Andrew West


Gold inlay from the centre of the top surface of a decayed Liubo board (B33)

CC-BY-SA-3.0 by Andrew West


Six jadeite Liubo game pieces (B92)

CC-BY-SA-3.0 by Andrew West


Six crystal Liubo game pieces (B74, B75, B93)

CC-BY-SA-3.0 by Andrew West


Provenance : Tomb of King Zhaomo 趙眜 (r.137–122 BCE) of Nanyue at Xianggang Shan, Guangzhou, Guangdong. {23.138°N 113.259°E}

Current Location : Museum of the Mausoleum of the Nanyue King, Guangzhou.

Date : Early Western Han (206 BCE – 25 CE), 122 BCE.

Description : Remnants of two Liubo sets were found in the east 'ear' chamber (items with a B prefix), and remnants of two Liubo sets were found in the east side chamber (items with an E prefix) :

References : 《西漢南越王墓》 (文物出版社, 1991年).



6.6 Wooden Liubo board from Guangxi

廣西貴港市羅泊灣一號墓出土六博盤一件

Source : Guangxi Guixian Luobowan Hanmu 廣西貴縣羅泊灣漢墓 plate XXXII


Provenance : Tomb M1 at Luobowan, Guigang, Guangxi. {23.073°N 109.638°E}

Current Location : Unknown.

Date : Early Western Han (206 BCE – 25 CE)

Description : Wooden Liubo board, with two sides missing (38.0 × 20.0 × 0.5 cm.).

Notes : The inventory of grave goods found in the tomb includes an entry for this Liubo board :

References : 《廣西貴縣羅泊灣一號墓發掘簡報》 (《文物》1978.9); 《廣西貴縣羅泊灣漢墓》 (文物出版社, 1988年).



6.7 Bronze Liubo table from Guangxi

廣西西林縣普馱屯銅鼓墓出土銅六博盤一件

Source : http://history.chess.free.fr/liubo.htm


Source : Wenwu 文物 1978.9 page 48 fig. 5


Provenance : Bronze drum tomb at Putuo Tun, Xilin, Guangxi. {24.44°N 105.19°E}

Current Location : Unknown.

Date : Early Western Han (206 BCE – 25 CE)

Description : Bronze Liubo table with four long legs (30.0 × 29.0 × 9.0 cm.).

References : 《廣西西林縣普馱銅鼓墓葬》 (《文物》1978.9).



6.8 Two stone Liubo boards from Hebei

河北平山三汲中山國3號墓出土六博紋石板二件

Source : Mysteries of Ancient China (London: British Museum Press, 1996) plate 76


Source : Wenwu 文物 page 26 fig. 33


Source : Wenwu 文物 page 26 fig. 32


Provenance : Tomb M3 at Sanji, Pingshan, Hebei. {38.32°N 114.23°E}

Current Location : Unknown.

Date : Late Warring States period (476–221 BCE) [State of Zhongshan]

Description : Two Liubo boards (45.0 × 45.2 cm.) made from a number of slabs of stone joined together, with an intricate pattern of mythical creatures, tigers and snakes.

References : 《河北省平山縣戰國時期中山國墓葬發掘簡報》 (《文物》1979.1).



6.9 Wooden Liubo board from Hubei

湖北鄂州鄂鋼53號墓出土六博盤一件

Source : Kaogu Xuebao 考古學報 1983.2 page 248 fig. 26 no.1


Provenance : Tomb M53 at Egang, Ezhou, Hubei. {30.40°N 114.86°E}

Current Location : Unknown.

Date : Mid to late Warring States period (476–221 BCE) [State of Chu]

Description : Lacquered wooden Liubo board with three short legs (32.5 × 32.0 × 7.4 cm.).

References : 《湖北鄂城鄂鋼五十三號墓發掘簡報》 (《考古》 1978.4); 《鄂城楚墓》 (《考古學報》 1983.2).



6.10 Wooden Liubo board and game equipment from Hubei

湖北荊州鳳凰山8號墓出土六博具一套

[No image available]


Provenance : Tomb M8 at Fenghuang Shan, Jingzhou, Hubei. {30.377°N 112.290°E}

Current Location : Unknown.

Date : Early Western Han (206 BCE – 25 CE)

Description :

Notes : The inventory of grave goods found in the tomb lists the Liubo set as :

References : 《湖北江陵鳳凰山西漢墓發掘簡報》 (《文物》1974.6).



6.11 Wooden Liubo table from Hubei

湖北荊州紀城一號楚墓出土六博盤一件

Source : Wenwu 文物 1994.4 colour plate 1 no.3


Source : Wenwu 文物 1994.4 page 11 fig. 15 no.7


Provenance : Tomb M1 at Jicheng, Jingzhou, Hubei. {30.436°N 112.196°E}

Current Location : Unknown.

Date : Mid Warring States period (476–221 BCE) [State of Chu]

Description : Rectangular black lacquered wooden Liubo table with four long legs (34.6 × 20.5 × 12.5 cm.).

References : 《湖北荊州紀城一、二號楚墓發掘簡報》 (《文物》1994.4).



6.12 Wooden Liubo table and game equipment from Hubei

湖北荊州市天星觀二號墓出土六博具一套

Source : Wenwu 文物 2001.9 page 18 fig. 35


Provenance : Tomb M2 at Tianxing Guan, Jingzhou, Hubei. {30.411°N 112.457°E}

Current Location : Jingzhou Museum.

Date : Mid Warring States period (476–221 BCE) [State of Chu]

Description :

References : 《湖北省荊州市天星觀二號墓發掘簡報》 (《文物》2001.9).



6.13 Wooden Liubo table and game equipment from Hubei

湖北荊州市雨台山314號墓出土六博具一套

Source : Jiangling Yutaishan Chumu 江陵雨台山楚墓 (Wenwu Chubanshe, 1984) Plate 68 no.4


Provenance : Tomb M314 at Yutaishan, Jingzhou, Hubei. {30.434°N 112.241°E}

Current Location : Unknown.

Date : Mid Warring States period (476–221 BCE) (early to mid 4th century BCE) [State of Chu]

Description :

References : 《江陵雨台山楚墓》 (文物出版社, 1984年).



6.14 Wooden Liubo table from Hubei

湖北荊州市雨台山197號墓出土六博盤一件

[No image available]


Provenance : Tomb M197 at Yutaishan, Jingzhou, Hubei. {30.434°N 112.241°E}

Current Location : Unknown.

Date : Mid Warring States period (476–221 BCE) (early to mid 4th century BCE) [State of Chu]

Description : Apparently a Liubo board similar to the one found in Tomb M314.

References : 《江陵雨台山楚墓》 (文物出版社, 1984年).



6.15 Wooden Liubo board from Hubei

湖北雲夢大墳頭一號墓出土六博局一件

Source : Wenwu 文物 1973.9 page 34 fig. 39


Provenance : Tomb M1 at Dafentou, Yunmeng, Hubei. {31.020°N 113.740°E}

Current Location : Unknown.

Date : Early Western Han (206 BCE – 25 CE)

Description : Lacquered wooden Liubo board (38.0 × 36.0 × 2.0 cm.) with the game design marked in red lacquer.

Notes : The inventory of grave goods found in the tomb lists the Liubo set as :

References : 《湖北雲夢西漢墓發掘簡報》 (《文物》1973.9).



6.16 Wooden Liubo board and game equipment from Hubei

湖北雲夢睡虎地11號墓出土六博具一套

Source : Yunmeng Shuihudi Qinmu 雲夢睡虎地秦墓 (Wenwu Chubanshe, 1981) plate 42 no.1


Provenance : Tomb M11 at Shuihudi, Yunmeng, Hubei. {31.023°N 113.736°E}

Current Location : Unknown.

Date : Qin dynasty, 30th year of the First Emperor of Qin (217 BCE)

Description :

References : 《湖北雲夢睡虎地十一號秦墓發掘簡報》 (《文物》1976.6); 《雲夢睡虎地秦墓》 (文物出版社, 1981年).



6.17 Wooden Liubo board and game equipment from Hubei

湖北雲夢睡虎地13號墓出土六博具一套

Source : Yunmeng Shuihudi Qinmu 雲夢睡虎地秦墓 (Wenwu Chubanshe, 1981) plate 42 no.2


Provenance : Tomb M13 at Shuihudi, Yunmeng, Hubei. {31.023°N 113.736°E}

Current Location : Unknown.

Date : Qin dynasty, 30th year of the First Emperor of Qin (217 BCE)

Description :

References : 《湖北雲夢睡虎地十一座秦墓發掘簡報》 (《文物》1976.9); 《雲夢睡虎地秦墓》 (文物出版社, 1981年).



6.18 Lacquer Liubo set from Hunan

湖南長沙馬王堆3號墓出土六博具一套

Source : Mawangdui Hanmu Wenwu 馬王堆漢墓文物 (Hunan Chubanshe, 1992) page 76


Source : Mawangdui Hanmu Wenwu 馬王堆漢墓文物 (Hunan Chubanshe, 1992) page 76


Provenance : Tomb M3 (believed to be that of the son of the Marquis of Dai) at Mawangdui, Changsha, Hunan. {28.209°N 113.022°E}

Current Location : Hunan Provincial Museum.

Date : Early Western Han (206 BCE – 25 CE), 12th year of Emperor Han Wendi (168 BCE)

Description :

Notes : The inventory of grave goods found in the tomb lists the Liubo set as :

References : 《長沙馬王堆二、三號漢墓發掘簡報》 (《文物》1974.7); 《馬王堆漢墓文物》 (湖南出版社, 1992年).



6.19 Wooden Liubo board from Jiangsu

江蘇邗江姚莊101號墓出土六博盤一件

Source : Wenwu 文物 1988.2 page 26 fig. 9


Provenance : Tomb M101 at Yaozhuang, Hanjiang, Jiangsu. {32.710°N 119.248°E}

Current Location : Unknown.

Date : Late Western Han (206 BCE – 25 CE)

Description : Brown laquered wooden Liubo board (28.0 × 28.0 × 6.8 cm.) with four low legs. The border of the playing surface, the sides and the legs are decorated with geometric patterns, swirling cloud patterns, feathered immortals and mythical creatures.

References : 《江蘇邗江姚莊101號西漢墓》 (《文物》1988.2).



6.20 Wooden Liubo board from Jiangsu

江蘇江都鳳凰河木槨墓出土六博盤一件

Source : Kaogu Tongxun 考古通訊 1956.2 plate 17 no.5


Provenance : Tomb M2 at Fenghuang He, Jiangdu, Jiangsu. {32.315°N 119.705°E}

Current Location : Unknown.

Date : Western Han (206 BCE – 25 CE)

Description : Black lacquered wooden Liubo board with four short legs, with the game design marked in red lacquer (39.0 × 39.0 × 6.5 cm.).

References : 《江都鳳凰河西漢木槨墓的清理》 (《考古通訊》1956.2).



6.21 Wooden Liubo board and game equipment from Jiangsu

江蘇盱眙東陽7號墓出土六博具一套

Source : Kaogu 考古 1979.5 page 417 fig. 5 no.4


Source : Kaogu 考古 1979.5 page 419 fig. 7


Provenance : Tomb M7 at Dongyang, Xuyi, Jiangsu. {32.955°N 118.848°E}

Current Location : Unknown.

Date : Late Western Han (206 BCE – 25 CE) to Xin Dynasty (9–23)

Description :

References : 《江蘇盱眙東陽漢墓》 (《考古》1979.5).



6.22 Bone Liubo game pieces from Jiangsu

江蘇徐州宛胊侯劉埶墓出土骨棋子十二枚

[No image available]


Provenance : Tomb M3 (belonging to Liu Yi, Marquis of Wanqu) at Xuzhou, Jiangsu. {34.23°N 117.19°E}

Current Location : Xuzhou Museum.

Date : Early Western Han (206 BCE – 25 CE), circa 3rd year of Emperor Jing (154 BCE)

Description : 12 cuboidal bone game pieces (3.5 × 2.1 × 1.45 cm.).

References : 《徐州西漢宛胊侯劉埶墓》 (《文物》1997.2).



6.23 Bone Liubo game pieces from Jiangsu

江蘇徐州後樓山西漢墓出土骨棋子十一枚

[No image available]


Provenance : Tomb at Houloushan, Xuzhou, Jiangsu. {34.127°N 117.555°E}

Current Location : Unknown.

Date : Early Western Han (206 BCE – 25 CE)

Description : 11 bone game pieces (2.25 × 1.3 × 0.6 cm.).

References : 《徐州後樓山西漢墓發掘簡報》 (《文物》1993.4).



6.24 Wooden Liubo board from Jiangsu

江蘇徐州獅子山西漢楚王陵出土六博盤一件

[No image available]


Provenance : Mausoleum of the Prince of Chu at Shizi Shan, Xuzhou, Jiangsu. {34.247°N 117.218°E}

Current Location : Unknown.

Date : Western Han (206 BCE – 25 CE), circa 175–154.

Description : Wooden Liubo board.

References : 《徐州獅子山西漢楚王陵發掘簡報》 (《文物》1998.8).



6.25 Stone Liubo board from Shandong

山東費縣出土石六博盤一件

Source : Shandong Wenwu Xuanji 山東文物選集 plate 198


Provenance : Fei County, Shandong. {35.25°N 117.95°E}

Current Location : Unknown.

Date : Han Dynasty

Description : Stone Liubo board with four short legs.

References : 《山東文物選集》 (文物出版社, 1959年).



6.26 Two wooden Liubo boards and game equipment from Shandong

山東萊西縣岱墅2號墓出土六博具兩套

[No image available]


Provenance : Tomb M2 at Daishu Village, Laixi, Shandong. {36.962°N 120.327°E}

Current Location : Unknown.

Date : Mid to late Western Han (206 BCE – 25 CE)

Description :

References : 《山東萊西縣岱墅西漢木槨墓》 (《文物》1980.12).



6.27 Wooden Liubo board and game equipment from Shandong

山東臨沂縣金雀山31號墓出土六博具一套

Source : Wenwu 文物 1989.1 page 40 fig. 40


Provenance : Tomb M31 at Jinqueshan, Linyi, Shandong. {35.055°N 118.356°E}

Current Location : Unknown.

Date : Late Warring States period (476–221 BCE) to early Western Han (206 BCE – 25 CE)

Description :

References : 《山東臨沂金雀山九座漢代墓葬》 (《文物》1989.1).



6.28 Wooden Liubo board and game equipment from Shandong

山東臨沂縣金雀山33號墓出土六博具一套

[No image available]


Provenance : Tomb M33 at Jinqueshan, Linyi, Shandong. {35.055°N 118.356°E}

Current Location : Unknown.

Date : Mid to late Western Han (206 BCE – 25 CE)

Description :

References : 《山東臨沂金雀山九座漢代墓葬》 (《文物》1989.1).



6.29 Wooden Liubo board and game equipment from Shandong

山東臨沂縣金雀山34號墓出土六博具一套

[No image available]


Provenance : Tomb M34 at Jinqueshan, Linyi, Shandong. {35.055°N 118.356°E}

Current Location : Unknown.

Date : Late Warring States period (476–221 BCE) to early Western Han (206 BCE – 25 CE)

Description :

References : 《山東臨沂金雀山九座漢代墓葬》 (《文物》1989.1).



6.30 Wooden Liubo board from Shandong

山東臨沂縣銀雀山一號墓出土六博盤一件

Source : Wenwu 文物 1974.2 page 23 fig. 16


Provenance : Tomb M1 at Yinqueshan, Linyi, Shandong. {35.056°N 118.352°E}

Current Location : Unknown.

Date : Early Western Han (206 BCE – 25 CE)

Description : Wooden Liubo board (30.0 × 30.0 × 5.0 cm.) with four low legs, and the game design marked with grooves filled with white powder.

References : 《山東臨沂西漢墓發現〈孫子兵法〉和〈孫臏兵法〉等竹簡的簡報》 (《文物》1974.2).



6.31 Liubo game pieces from Shandong

山東曲阜魯國故城3號墓出土六博具一套

Source : Qufu Luguo Gucheng 曲阜魯國故城 (Qilu Shushe, 1982) plate 120 no.2


Provenance : Tomb M3 at Gucheng, Qufu, Shandong. {35.602°N 117.004°E}

Current Location : Unknown.

Date : Early Warring States period (476–221 BCE) [State of Lu]

Description :

References : 《曲阜魯國故城》 (齊魯書社, 1982年).



6.32 Liubo game pieces from Shandong

山東曲阜魯國故城52號墓出土六博具一套

Source : Qufu Luguo Gucheng 曲阜魯國故城 (Qilu Shushe, 1982) plate 120 no.1


Provenance : Tomb M52 at Gucheng, Qufu, Shandong. {35.602°N 117.004°E}

Current Location : Unknown.

Date : Early Warring States period (476–221 BCE) [State of Lu]

Description :

References : 《曲阜魯國故城》 (齊魯書社, 1982年).



6.33 Stone Liubo board from Shaanxi

陝西出土石六博盤一件

Source : Limestone Liubo Board


Provenance : Somewhere in Shaanxi (presumably from a robbed tomb).

Current Location : E&J Frankel, Ltd., New York.

Date : Western Han (206 BCE – 25 CE)

Description : Limestone Liubo board (45.5 × 45.5 × 8.9 cm.).

References : E&J Frankel, Ltd.



6.34 Stone Liubo board of unknown provenance

石六博盤一件

Source : Puddingstone Liubo Board


Provenance : Unknown (presumably from a robbed tomb).

Current Location : Unknown (private collection?).

Date : Han dynasty (206 BCE – 220 CE)

Description :

References : E&J Frankel, Ltd.



6.35 Earthenware Liubo board and game equipment from Henan

河南洛陽出土陶六博盤一件

Source : Earthenware Liubo Board


Provenance : Luoyang (?), Henan.

Current Location : Metropolitan Musuem of Art, New York.

Date : Han dynasty (206 BCE – 220 CE)

Description :

References : Metropolitan Musuem of Art



6.36 Wooden Liubo board and game pieces from Zhejiang

浙江安吉五福楚墓出土六博盤一件及棋子九枚

Source : Wenwu 文物 2007.7 page 71 fig. 32


Source : Wenwu 文物 2007.7 page 71 fig. 31


Provenance : Tomb M1 at Anji, Zhejiang. {30.791°N 119.647°E}

Current Location :

Date : Late Warring States period (476–221 BCE) [State of Chu]

Description :

References : 《浙江安吉五福楚墓》 (《文物》2007.7).



6.37 Wooden Liubo board and game pieces from Jiangsu

江蘇徐州黑頭山西漢劉慎墓出土六博具兩套

Source : Wenwu 文物 2010.11 page 38 fig. 54


Source : Wenwu 文物 2010.11 page 32 fig. 37


Provenance : Tomb M1 at Heitou Mountain, Xuzhou, Jiangsu. {34.277°N 117.245°E}

Current Location : Unknown.

Date : Western Han (206 BCE – 25 CE)

Description :

Notes : The remains represent two Liubo sets. The bone inlay from the Liubo board and 12 bone game pieces (M1:45) are from one set, and the two sets of 6 bone game pieces (M1:47) are from another set.

References : 《江蘇徐州黑頭山西漢劉慎墓發掘簡報》 (《文物》2010.11).



6.38 Two wooden Liubo board and game pieces from Hunan

湖南長沙望城坡西漢漁陽墓墓出土六博盤兩件

Source : Wenwu 文物 2010.4 page 29 fig. 57.6


Provenance : Yuyang Tomb at Wangchenpo, Changsha, Hunan. {28.205°N 112.925°E}

Current Location : Unknown.

Date : Western Han (206 BCE – 25 CE)

Description :

References : 《湖南長沙望城坡西漢漁陽墓發掘簡報》 (《文物》2010.4).



6.39 Bone Liubo game pieces from Shanxi

山西大同天鎮沙梁坡4號漢墓出土骨棋子六枚

Source : Wenwu 文物 2012.9 page 33 fig. 24


Provenance : Tomb M4 at Shaliangpo, Tianzhen County, Datong, Shanxi. {40.355°N 114.092°E}

Current Location : Unknown.

Date : Han dynasty (206 BCE – 220 CE)

Description :

References : 《山西大同天鎮沙梁坡漢墓發掘簡報》 (《文物》2012.9).



7. Sundials with Liubo Game Markings

Only two Han dynasty stone sundials are known, yet oddly enough both of them have Liubo game markings crudely engraved over the original sundial design, and so were apparently repurposed as Liubo game boards.


7.1 Stone sundial with Liubo game markings from Inner Mongolia

內蒙古托克托出土石日晷

Stone sundial with Liubo game markings, unearthed from Togtoh in Inner Mongolia in 1897, on display at the National Museum of China in Beijing (cf. Zhongguo Lishi Bowuguan Guankan 中國歷史博物館館刊 1981.3 plate 1 no.1)

CC-BY-SA-3.0 by Andrew West


Source : Zhongguo Lishi Bowuguan Guankan 中國歷史博物館館刊 1981.3 page 75 fig. 1


Provenance : Togtoh, Inner Mongolia. {40.277°N 111.194°E}

Current Location : National Museum of China, Beijing.

Date : Han dynasty (206 BCE – 220 CE)

Description : Stone sundial with Liubo game design engraved over the sundial markings (27.4 × 27.4 × 3.5 cm.).

References : 孫機, 《托克托日晷》 (《中國歷史博物館館刊》1981.3: 74–81).



7.2 Stone sundial with Liubo game markings from Henan

河南洛陽金村出土石日晷

Source : Royal Ontario Museum Images


Provenance : Jin Village, Luoyang, Henan. {34.740°N 112.630°E}

Current Location : Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto [933.12.2].

Date : Western Han (206 BCE – 25 CE)

Description : Limestone sundial with Liubo game design engraved over the sundial markings (27.5 × 28.5 × 3.2 cm.).

References : 孫機, 《托克托日晷》 (《中國歷史博物館館刊》1981.3: 74–81).



Last updated: 2014-11-29.


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