BabelStone Fonts


BabelStone Ogham Fonts

Description

These are a set of twelve Unicode Ogham fonts in seven font families, representing a variety of different styles of Ogham letters found in manuscripts and on Ogham stone inscriptions.


Font Style Description
BabelStone Ogham Regular General-purpose stemline font with manuscript-style glyph forms.
Italic The same, but with directionally-angled B-series and H-series letters.
BabelStone Ogham Bound Regular Stemline font with bind letters.
Italic The same, but with directionally-angled B-series and H-series letters, and directionally-angled vowel letters.
BabelStone Ogham Fixed Regular Monospaced stemline font.
BabelStone Ogham Stemless Regular Stemless font with dot-shaped vowel letters.
BabelStone Ogham Lithic Regular Stemline font with bold strokes and dot-shaped vowel letters, emulating the style of letters found on classic Ogham pillar stones.
BabelStone Ogham Pictish Regular Stemline font based on the styles of Ogham letters found on the Ogham stone inscriptions from the Pictish areas of Scotland (eastern coast of Scotland, Orkney Isles, and Shetland Isles). The font comprises Regular, Bold, Italic and Bold-Italic versions which are not actually bold and/or italic but have different styles of letters (bold for bind letters; italic for directionally-angled letters). This allows the user to select a different style of Ogham letters by simply changing the font style. Regular style has no bind letters, straight B-series and H-series letters, straight vowel letters.
Italic No bind letters, angled B-series and H-series letters, angled vowel letters.
Bold Bind letters, straight B-series and H-series letters, straight vowel letters, X-shaped P, hammerhead A.
Bold-Italic Bind letters, angled B-series and H-series letters, angled vowel letters, X-shaped P.
BabelStone Ogham Special Regular Same as BabelStone Ogham Pictish Regular, but has some rare glyph forms: S-shaped A, Rabbit-eared D, Diagonal I, S-shaped M-series letters, and disjoined letter Eabhadh. This font is not intended to be used on its own, but as a source of special glyph forms for certain letters when used in conjunction with BabelStone Ogham Pictish.


Examples of Pictish Inscriptions

Pictish Ogham inscriptions are written using a variety of styles of Ogham lettering, and many include unusual letters such as "Hammerhead A" and "Rabbit-eared D" that may be insignificant glyph variants or may indicate phonetic distinctions. Representing these Ogham texts accurately is impossible using a generic Ogham font, but by using the BabelStone Ogham Pictish and BabelStone Ogham Special fonts it is possible to render Pictish Ogham texts with glyph forms that closely match those used in the actual inscriptions. Two examples of particularly problematic Ogham texts are shown below.


A. Bressay Inscription

Ogham inscription on the sides of a cross slab from Bressay in Shetland (BREAY/1).


Drawings by John Borland, © RCAHMS


Screenshot of text rendered using the BabelStone Ogham Pictish and BabelStone Ogham Special fonts in Internet Explorer 10 under Windows 7


Unicode text of inscription rendered using the BabelStone Ogham Pictish (Regular and Italic) and BabelStone Ogham Special fonts (using WOFF fonts if these fonts are not installed on your local machine)

᚛ᚉᚏᚏᚑᚉᚉ᛬ᚆᚆᚈᚃᚃᚇᚇᚇᚇᚄ᛬ᚇᚈᚈᚏᚏ᛬ᚐᚅᚅ

 ᚁᚅᚅ᛬ᚋᚓᚊᚊᚇᚇᚏ‍ᚏᚖᚐᚅᚅ

CRROSCC:NAHHTVVDDA{D}{D}S:DATTRR:{A}NN[--] | BENN{I}SES:MEQQDD{RR}ÓANN[--]

The cross of Nahhtvddadds, daughter of Ann[...], and Benises, son of Droann


B. Lunnasting Inscription

Ogham inscription on the surface of a slab from Lunnasting in Shetland (LTING/1).


Drawing by Ian G. Scott, © RCAHMS


Screenshot of text rendered using the BabelStone Ogham Pictish and BabelStone Ogham Special fonts in Internet Explorer 10 under Windows 7


Unicode text of inscription rendered using the BabelStone Ogham Pictish (Bold and Bold-Italic) and BabelStone Ogham Special fonts (using WOFF fonts if these fonts are not installed on your local machine)

ᚈᚈᚈᚈᚄ᛬ᚐᚆᚆᚈᚈᚅᚅᚅᚆᚉᚉᚃᚃᚓᚃᚃᚆᚆᚈᚅᚅ

ÉTTÚCUHÉTTS:AHÉHHTTANNN:HCCVVEVV:NEHHTON[N]



Samples

BabelStone Ogham Regular (36 points)

BabelStone Ogham Italic (36 points)


BabelStone Ogham Bound Regular (36 points)

BabelStone Ogham Bound Italic (36 points)


BabelStone Ogham Fixed (36 points)


BabelStone Ogham Stemless (36 points)


BabelStone Ogham Lithic (36 points)


BabelStone Ogham Pictish Regular (36 points)

BabelStone Ogham Pictish Italic (36 points)

BabelStone Ogham Pictish Bold (36 points)

BabelStone Ogham Pictish Bold Italic (36 points)


BabelStone Ogham Special (36 points)



Character Repertoire

The tables below render each character in the specified BabelStone Ogham font, either using the font installed on your local machine or using WOFF fonts if the font is not installed on your local machine.


Ogham [1680..169F]

Code Point Character Name BabelStone Ogham BabelStone Ogham Bound BabelStone Ogham Fixed BabelStone Ogham Stemless BabelStone Ogham Lithic BabelStone Ogham Pictish BabelStone Ogham Special
Regular Italic Regular Italic Regular Italic Bold Bold Italic
U+1680 OGHAM SPACE MARK
U+1681 OGHAM LETTER BEITH
U+1682 OGHAM LETTER LUIS
U+1683 OGHAM LETTER FEARN
U+1684 OGHAM LETTER SAIL
U+1685 OGHAM LETTER NION
U+1686 OGHAM LETTER UATH
U+1687 OGHAM LETTER DAIR
U+1688 OGHAM LETTER TINNE
U+1689 OGHAM LETTER COLL
U+168A OGHAM LETTER CEIRT
U+168B OGHAM LETTER MUIN
U+168C OGHAM LETTER GORT
U+168D OGHAM LETTER NGEADAL
U+168E OGHAM LETTER STRAIF
U+168F OGHAM LETTER RUIS
U+1690 OGHAM LETTER AILM
U+1691 OGHAM LETTER ONN
U+1692 OGHAM LETTER UR
U+1693 OGHAM LETTER EADHADH
U+1694 OGHAM LETTER IODHADH
U+1695 OGHAM LETTER EABHADH
U+1696 OGHAM LETTER OR
U+1697 OGHAM LETTER UILLEANN
U+1698 OGHAM LETTER IFIN
U+1699 OGHAM LETTER EAMHANCHOLL
U+169A OGHAM LETTER PEITH
U+169B OGHAM FEATHER MARK
U+169C OGHAM REVERSED FEATHER MARK

Runic [16A0..16FF]

Runic punctuation marks are included as a couple of Ogham inscriptions from the Shetland Isles use a double-dot word separator mark under Norse Runic influence, and as the Runic punctuation marks are common to all scripts, the Runic double-dot punctuation mark (U+16EC) seems to me to be the best fit for the double-dot word separator mark used in Ogham inscriptions.


Code Point Character Name BabelStone Ogham BabelStone Ogham Bound BabelStone Ogham Fixed BabelStone Ogham Stemless BabelStone Ogham Lithic BabelStone Ogham Pictish BabelStone Ogham Special
Regular Italic Regular Italic Regular Italic Bold Bold Italic
U+16EB RUNIC SINGLE PUNCTUATION
U+16EC RUNIC MULTIPLE PUNCTUATION
U+16ED RUNIC CROSS PUNCTUATION


OpenType Features

[VOLT project file]


Script Language Features Explanation
Ogham <ogam> Default <dflt> Glyph Composition Decomposition <ccmp>* Used to convert ligatured double R <168F 200D 168F> (RUIS-ZWJ-RUIS) to the crosshatched double R glyph form found on some Pictish Ogham inscriptions.
ᚏ​‍​ᚏᚏ‍ᚏ

* Tested as working under Windows 7 with Internet Explorer 10 and Notepad. This feature may not work under other operating systems and/or with other applications. Note that OpenType features do not work with the WOFF versions of the BabelStone Ogham fonts, and you will need to install the BabelStone Ogham fonts locally in order for the ligatured double R to render as expected.



WOFF Fonts

All BabelStone Ogham fonts are available in Web Open Font Format (WOFF) formats, which can be dynamically downloaded and installed by most modern browsers. If you have the fonts installed locally on your machine then the local fonts should be used in preference to the WOFF fonts. I have tested the WOFF fonts on IE10 and Chrome under Windows 7, and they seem to work well, although I have noticed the following issues :



Ogham Keyboard Layout

An Ogham keyboard layout conforming to Irish Standard 434:1999 is available for download from here.



Version History

Font Version Date Notes
BabelStone Ogham 1.00 2008-05-17 Initial release
1.01 2009-12-26 Adds support for ligatured double R (<168F ZWJ 168F>)
2.00 2013-06-01 New glyphs; regular and italic styles
2.01 2013-11-06 Licensed under SIL Open Font License 1.1
BabelStone Ogham Bound 1.00 2008-05-17 Initial release
1.01 2009-12-26 Adds support for ligatured double R (<168F ZWJ 168F>)
2.00 2013-06-01 New glyphs; regular and italic styles
2.01 2013-11-06 Licensed under SIL Open Font License 1.1
BabelStone Ogham Fixed 1.00 2008-05-17 Initial release
1.01 2009-12-26 Adds support for ligatured double R (<168F ZWJ 168F>)
2.00 2013-06-01 New glyphs
2.01 2013-11-06 Licensed under SIL Open Font License 1.1
BabelStone Ogham Stemless 1.00 2008-05-17 Initial release
1.01 2009-12-26 Adds support for ligatured double R (<168F ZWJ 168F>)
2.00 2013-06-01 New glyphs
2.01 2013-11-06 Licensed under SIL Open Font License 1.1
BabelStone Ogham Lithic 1.00 2013-06-01 Initial release
1.01 2013-11-06 Licensed under SIL Open Font License 1.1
BabelStone Ogham Pictish 1.00 2013-06-01 Initial release
1.01 2013-11-06 Licensed under SIL Open Font License 1.1
BabelStone Ogham Special 1.00 2013-06-01 Initial release
1.01 2013-11-06 Licensed under SIL Open Font License 1.1


Download

All BabelStone Ogham fonts on this page are licensed under the SIL Open Font License 1.1, which means you are free to use them for personal or commercial purposes, and to redistribute them by themselves or as part of a free or commercial software package, just as long as you do not sell the fonts on their own. The license also allows you to modify the fonts in any way you like, as long as the modified fonts do not use "BabelStone" in their name. Please read the license for details.




BabelStone Fonts