Tangut Manuscripts with Tibetan Phonetic Glosses

British Library Or.12380/3909

IDP : British Library Or.12380/3909


Description

This is a single sheet of a Tangut Buddhist manuscript held at the British Library in London. It has the pressmark Or.12380/3909 (originally K.K.II.0282.b v), and was collected by Aurel Stein from Khara-Khoto during his expedition to Central Asia of 1913–1916. It has been studied by Tai Chung Pui (TCP2009), and is available online at the International Dunhuang Project.

The sheet is in very poor condition, with torn and tattered edges. Only four lines of about 19–20 Tangut characters, as well as a couple of Tangut characters and orphaned Tibetan glosses from a fifth line, survive. Altogether, there are about 60 identifiable Tangut characters with complete or partial Tibetan glosses.


Transcription

Position Tangut Tibetan Note
Character LFW2008 Reading TCP2009 BabelStone
01:01
01:02 ? -- [?]
01:03 L2983 L2983 ·u -- [?]
01:04 L4481 L4481 śjɨ sh- sh[?]
01:05 L4778 L4778 śjạ sha sha[?]
01:06 L5435 L5435 we̱ wi wi[?] ཝི
01:07 L4575 L4575 mo mo mo[?] མོ
01:08 L1737 L1737 ka gha gha གྷ
01:09 L5435 L5435 we̱ d.w- d.w[?] ? དཝ
01:10 L1364 L1364 ŋa d.-- nga' ངའ
01:11 L3852 L3852 dźjij g.-e g[?]e ག​ེ
01:12 L0092 L0092 mja ma ma
01:13 L1139 L1139 ·jij -- [?]e
01:14 L5346 L5346 ·ju -- [?]
01:15 ?
01:16
01:17 ? --
01:18 ? --
01:19
02:01 ? --
02:02 L5612 L5612 tshji̱j v.-- 'tshe འཚེ
02:03 ? -.ku bku ? བཀུ
02:04 L5875 L5875 źjị g.-i gzhi ? གཞི
02:05 ? so.- so[?] སོ
02:06 L2533 L2533 djɨr -.d-.r dir ? དིར
02:07 ? -e [?]e
02:08 L4343 L4343 lhejr re re རེ
02:09 L3844 L3844 dźjịj -.jev [?]je' ཇེའ
02:10 L1245 L1245 ·jij ye ye ཡེ
02:11 L0791 L0791 ljạ lda lda ལྡ
02:12 ? b.ku bku བཀུ
02:13 L4293 L4293 sji si si སི
02:14 L4460 L4460 dju̱ v.du 'du འདུ
02:15 L5523 L5523 rjar ra ra
02:16 L5880 L5880 ŋwu -- [?]
02:17 L3851 L3851 tser rtsI rtsi རྩི
02:18 L2290 L2290 low lo.ng lo[?] ལོ [1]
02:19 L5113 L5113 wji d.wi d.wi དཝི
02:20 L4684 L4684 mej d.mi dmi དམི
03:01
03:02 ? b.dzo bdzo བཛོ
03:03 L6074 L6074 kha kh+ha kh+ha ཁྷ
03:04
03:05 ? w- wa ?
03:06 L1737 L1737 ka gha gha གྷ
03:07 L5435 L5435 we̱ wi wi ཝི
03:08 L0092 L0092 mja ma ma
03:09 L0724 L0724 njɨ ni ni ནི
03:10 L0930 L0930 dju v.du 'du འདུ
03:11 L1542 L1542 ku b.ku bku བཀུ
03:12 L1245 L1245 ·jij we ye ཡེ
03:13 ? -- za ?
03:14 L1136 L1136 gu -- [?]
03:15 L3851 L3851 tser rtsi rtsi རྩི
03:16 L2290 L2290 low lo.ng lo[?] ལོ [1]
03:17 L1139 L1139 ·jij we ye ཡེ
03:18 L1891 L1891 tśjɨ̣ g.ci.v gci' གཅིའ
03:19 L0388 L0388 thja tha tha
04:01 L0724 L0724 njɨ ni ni ནི
04:02 L1139 L1139 ·jij we ye ཡེ
04:03 L2750 L2750 ɣu -- [?]
04:04 ? -u [?]u
04:05 L3591 L3591 nji̱ g.ni.v gni' ? གནིའ
04:06 L5113 L5113 wji -- [?]
04:07 L5285 L5285 ljɨ li li ལི
04:08 ? thi thi ཐི
04:09 L5880 L5880 ŋwu ngu ngu ངུ
04:10 L3469 L3469 sjij ze z{e} ཟེ [2]
04:11 L1278 L1278 ·jɨ wi yi ཡི
04:12 L4823 L4823 khja̱ kha kha
04:13 ? -e [?]e
04:14 ? [?]
04:15 L2449 L2449 be -- [?]
04:16 ? w- wa
04:17 L0998 L0998 dzji̱j v.dzhe 'dzhe འཛྷེ
04:18 L4884 L4884 nji ni ni ནི
04:19 L5612 L5612 tshji̱j v.-e 'tshe ? འཚེ
05:01 ? g.yi g.yi གཡི
05:02 ? mi mi མི
05:03 --
05:04 --
05:05 thu thu ཐུ
05:06 --
05:07 -u ?u
05:08 -i ?i
05:09 b.dzh- bdzhe བཛྷེ
05:10 --
05:11 b.gyu bgyu ? བགྱུ
05:12 -I ?i
05:13 -i ?i
05:14 --
05:15 mo ma
05:16 -o ?o
05:17 --
05:18 --
05:19 g.ti gti ? གཏི

Notes

  1. There is a semicircular mark after the Tibetan syllable lo which could be interpreted as a final letter -ng or possibly a tsheg mark, but neither of these readings are satisfactory. However, the fact that the mark occurs on two glosses to the same Tangut character suggests that it is not accidental.
  2. The expected Tibetan gloss is ze, but the actual gloss is za with a dot above, which might by a very stunted e vowel sign.


References



Published: 2011-12-19. Last modified: 2011-12-24.


Tangut Manuscripts with Tibetan Phonetic Glosses

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